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Ilmu Maqasid al-Syari`ah (مقاصد الشريعة) atau al-Maqasid al-Syar’iyyah (المقاصد الشرعية) adalah satu bidang ilmu yang membahaskan tentang tujuan, matlamat, natijah, kesan, hikmah dan illah (punca asas dan sebab) di sebalik perintah-perintah Allah S.W.T yang terkandung dalam hukum-hakam syariat.
Allah S.W.T berfirman di dalam al-Quran al-Karim:
ذَلِكَ مِمَّا أَوْحَى إِلَيْكَ رَبُّكَ مِنَ الْحِكْمَةِ وَلَا تَجْعَلْ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آَخَرَ فَتُلْقَى فِي جَهَنَّمَ مَلُومًا مَدْحُورًا
“Perintah yang demikan itu ialah sebahagian dari hikmah yang diwahyukan kepadamu (wahai Muhammad) oleh Tuhanmu. Dan (ingatlah) janganlah engkau jadikan bersama-sama Allah itu terdapat tuhan yang lain. Kerana akibatnya engkau akan dicampakkan ke dalam neraka Jahanam dengan keadaan tercela dan tersingkir (dari rahmat Allah).” [Al-Isra’: 39]
Ayat di atas ini datang setelah Allah S.W.T menyatakan sejumlah perintah dan larangan (hukum-hakam berkaitan akidah, syariat dan adab) seperti menjauhi perbuatan syirik, be…
The Autobiography of a Moroccan Soufi Ahmad Ibn'Ajiba (1747-1809)  Ibn Ajiba, an 18th-century Moroccan saint in the Darqawi Sufi lineage, wrote his fahrasa or autobiography not for the pleasure of talking about himself but "to celebrate God's kindness" by informing others of the graces bestowed on him. This account details Ibn Ajiba's travels in search of both secular and spiritual knowledge; his entrance on a Sufi path strongly based within the Islamic tradition; and the social, intellectual, and spiritual struggles that such a search entailed. He spent time in prison, and time in ecstasy.  He tells his tale with humility and a sense of humor, and the story manages to be at the same time practical (details of how much he paid to workmen to build a house or advice to his followers on how to consummate their marriages) and spiritual (explaining the subtleties of mystical experience and how the esoteric way is superior to the exoteric). His zeal for both intellectual…
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Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall‘Action is the Life of all and if thou dost not Act, thou dost Nothing.’ (Gerrard Winstanley) Marmaduke Pickthall Before we consider the life-story of the British Muslim and Koranic translator, Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall, it is as well to recall that aspect of the practice of every believer without which there are only ashes: holiness of life. In the case of Pickthall, this was a luminous, steadily progressing reality which impressed all who came into contact with him. Even his unbelieving first biographer, Anne Fremantle, opined that ‘had he changed from evangelical or even from high church Anglicanism to the Roman faith, doubtless the machinery of sanctification would have by now been set to work.’ He was a man of discreet charity, the extent of whose generosity was only discovered after his death. He turned down lucrative and prestigious speaking tours and the pleasures of travel in favour of his last and, in his eyes, greatest project, acting as head…